It has been my experience when working with Osage Orange or Hedge, as it is commonly referred to, that it naturally grows in rings called early growth (spongy layer) and late growth (hard orange layer). This late growth layer is the desired layer wanted when carving and shaping handles and bows. This precision is absolutely necessary when making a bow out of Hedge but not completely necessary when making handles. If the wood working is correct and a single growth ring is obtained the wood is then at it’s strongest most durable state.
This is the reason that Hedge is a very valuable resource and hard to work with. It has been considered a prized possession throughout North American history.
4 Directions Bushcraft